Have you ever heard of Meningitis? If not, this blog will guide you as here you’ll read all about it. 

Basically, Meningitis is an infection that affects the fluid and covering around your brain, along with the spinal cord. Due to the infection, all these parts get swollen. This can make you sick, or you might even face severe symptoms like difficulty in neck movement, migraine and more. 

When it comes to Meningitis treatments, in some cases, it gets easily cured with the help of medicines. However, others might need emergency attention. 

Go on reading to know more about it. 

What Causes Meningitis? 

After knowing Meningitis’ meaning, let’s move ahead with what causes it. 

So, this infection and inflammation is caused by either a viral or bacterial infection.

Here is a breakdown for you to understand Meningitis causes better:

  • Viral meningitis is more common and usually less severe than bacterial meningitis. It can be caused by different viruses. Now, these viruses are enteroviruses, herpesviruses, mumps virus, and influenza virus. Viral meningitis is often spread through close contact with an infected person. 
  • Bacterial meningitis, although less common, is usually more severe and can be life-threatening if not treated immediately. The most common bacteria that cause bacterial meningitis are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis, and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). Bacterial meningitis is typically spread through respiratory droplets or direct contact with respiratory secretions from an infected person.

Apart from these, there are some other causes like fungal infections, parasites, and non-infectious factors such as some medications, autoimmune disorders, or traumatic injuries.

Symptoms of Meningitis

Now, understanding signs of meningitis is also crucial for better treatment of meningitis disease

Common meningitis symptoms include:

  • severe headache
  • fever
  • stiff neck
  • sensitivity to light

You might also experience:

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • confusion
  • difficulty concentrating

In babies, symptoms can be harder to spot but may include:

  • fever
  • irritability
  • poor feeding
  • bulging fontanelle (soft spot on the head)

The same issue can lead to serious complications as well. These includes-

  • brain damage.
  • hearing loss
  • even death. 

Types Of Meningitis

There are different types of meningitis which are caused by different factors. 

  • Viral Meningitis: This is the most common type and usually not as severe. 
  • Bacterial Meningitis: This type is more serious and can be life-threatening if not treated quickly. 
  • Fungal Meningitis: It’s caused by fungi and is less common. 
  • Parasitic Meningitis: This is very rare and caused by parasites.
  • Non-infectious Meningitis: Unlike the others, this type is not caused by infections. Instead, it can be triggered by certain medications.
Read More: Types Of Beta Blockers

Treatment Of Meningitis

Here’s a quick overview of both home remedies and medical treatments. 

Home Remedies

  • Enough rest is necessary for the body to fight off the infection. That is why it is always suggested to take rest. 
  • Drinking plenty of fluids helps prevent dehydration. No matter whether it’s water, electrolyte-rich drinks or clear broths, all are beneficial.
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help alleviate fever and headache.
  • Applying a cool cloth to the forehead or back of the neck can provide relief from fever and discomfort.
  • Having balanced meals rich in vitamins and minerals can support the immune system’s health. 

Medical Treatment

  • Antibiotics

If bacterial meningitis is diagnosed, antibiotics are given immediately to target the specific bacteria causing the infection. 

  • Antiviral Medications

Antiviral medications may also be prescribed to help manage symptoms and reduce the duration of the illness. 

  • Hospitalization

Severe cases of meningitis, especially bacterial meningitis, may require hospitalization.

  • Vaccination

Lastly, vaccines are available to prevent certain types of bacterial meningitis.

Final Thoughts

Overall, meningitis, no matter which type you’re suffering from, needs immediate attention from a physician. That is why recognizing symptoms like severe headache, fever, and stiff neck is crucial. Lastly, treatment differs as per the symptoms. Hope this blog helps.