We all know that the eyes are one of our sensitive organs. That is why we, humans, can’t afford any bad things happening to our eyes. Although, there are times when you start to feel itchy and discomfort in your eyes. Sometimes it even gets red or pink. Well, if you’ve faced such a situation, then it was nothing else but an eye infection. Sometimes such eye infections can go back to normal, other times they need serious medical attention. Wait, are you someone willing to know more about it? If yes, this article will help you. 

What Does Eye Infection Mean? 

In simple words, just like any other infections, eye infections are usually caused by bacteria and viruses. It is one of the common issues that can affect people of different ages. And, since our eyes are sensitive, we end up experiencing pain and irritation. 

An eye infection is sort of a disease that is caused by microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Now, these microorganisms can affect any part of your eyes. It could be your eyelid, cornea, or any other part of your eyes 

What Are The Common Eye Infections? 

Here are some major types of eye infections. 

  • Pink eye (Conjunctivitis): It happens when the eyes get infected with a virus or bacteria, making them red and swollen. It can spread easily.
  • Sty: It’s like a small pimple on the edge of the eyelid caused by a bacterial infection of oil glands.
  • Keratitis: An infection of the clear covering of the eye, usually caused by a virus, bacteria, or fungus. People who wear contact lenses are more likely to get it.
  • Blepharitis: Swollen and irritated eyelids caused by bacteria blocking oil glands near the eyelashes.
  • Uveitis: Infection of the colored part of the eye, including the iris and choroid. It can be caused by viruses, eye injuries, or weak immune systems.
  • Cellulitis: Infection of the eyelid due to bacteria, often from a scratch or minor injury.
  • Endophthalmitis: Severe inflammation inside the eye caused by bacterial or fungal infections, like Candida or yeast.
  • Dacryocystitis: Blockage of tear ducts, which can be present from birth or acquired through bacterial infection.
  • Ocular herpes: Eye infection caused by the herpes simplex virus, usually spread through contact with infected people, not through sex like another herpes virus.

Symptoms Of Eye Infections

Now, many of us can’t differentiate whether a person has an eye infection or not. In such a case, the below pointers might help you.  Here are some major eye infection symptoms you can keep in mind. 

  • If you have got red or swollen eyes then it’s an eye infection. 
  • If you’re recently struggling with light sensitivity. 
  • There are chances of pain in your eyes. 
  • You might get to see some kind of discharge coming out of your eyes. 
  • You may experience watery eyes quite often. 
  • There could be symptoms like dry eyes, too much itching, and blurred vision as well. 

What Causes Eye Infections? 

These are some factors that can lead to eye infections. 

1. Bacteria and Viruses

Eye infections often result from harmful bacteria or viruses entering the eye. These microorganisms can be transmitted through touching the eyes with unwashed hands or coming into contact with contaminated surfaces. Always practice good hygiene to reduce the risk of infection.

2. Poor Contact Lens Hygiene

Incorrect handling and cleaning of contact lenses can lead to eye infections. Failing to disinfect lenses properly or wearing them for extended periods increases the likelihood of bacterial buildup, causing infections. Regularly clean and replace contact lenses as per the prescribed guidelines.

3. Allergies and Irritants

Allergies to pollen, dust, or other environmental irritants can trigger eye infections. Rubbing the eyes with dirty hands exacerbates the problem. Manage allergies by avoiding triggers, using prescribed eye drops, and maintaining cleanliness to prevent infections.

4. Trauma or Injury

Physical trauma or injury to the eye can create an entry point for infections. Scratches, cuts, or foreign objects can introduce bacteria, leading to infections. Protect your eyes during activities that pose a risk, and seek prompt medical attention for any injuries.

5. Compromised Immune System

A weakened immune system makes individuals more susceptible to eye infections. Conditions such as diabetes, HIV, or immunosuppressive medications can compromise the body’s ability to fend off infections. Maintaining overall health through proper nutrition and regular medical check-ups is crucial for preventing eye infections.

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Treatments For Eye Infections

In case you notice any of the above-mentioned symptoms, the first thing you should do is consult your doctor. It is because a professional can tell the best, what’s the reason behind your infection. 

Usually, eye infection treatments depend on the cause. It might include using some eye drops for a specific period. Along with it, you can try these home remedies as well. 

  • You can use cooled, steeped tea bags over your eyes to soothe inflammation and pain. 
  • Cold milk can also help in case of eye infections. Use a cotton ball to apply cold milk. 
  • You can also put cucumber slices over your eyes. 
  • You can also consider washing your eyes with salt water. 

Bottom Line

Overall, eye infections are dangerous if not taken care of early on. That is why, it’s always suggested to make sure you’re keeping your eyes clean. In case you get an eye infection, make sure to follow the above-mentioned home remedies. Hope this article helps.